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The City of Novi Sad

Novi Sad is Serbia’s second largest city, after Belgrade, having an urban population of more than 400,000 people. The city is the capital of the northern Serbian province of Vojvodina and lies on the banks of the Danube.

One of the best-known sites in Novi Sad is the Petrovaradin Fortress, which dominates the city. The cornerstone of the present-day southern part of the fortress was laid during the rule of the Habsburg Monarchy in 1692, by Charles Eugène de Croÿ. Besides the Fortress, there is also the historic neighborhood of Stari Grad, with several churches, many monuments, cafes, restaurants, shops and two theatres: the Serbian National

Theatre, the oldest Serbian professional theatre dating from 1861, and the Novi Sad Theatre in Hungarian.

The city has several museums and many galleries. The most well-known museum is the Museum of Vojvodina, founded by Matica Srpska in 1847, which houses a permanent collection of Serbian culture and life in Vojvodina through history.

Since it was founded in 1694, Novi Sad became an important centre of Serbian culture but also a cultural centre which nourished equality and tolerance in the multicultural

region of Vojvodina. Vojvodina prides itself on its multilingualism and multiethnicity having 6 official languages and more than 26 ethnic groups: Serbs, Hungarians, Slovaks, Croats, Montenegrins, Romanians, Roma, Ruthenians, Macedonians, Ukrainians, etc. Novi Sad is the second largest cultural centre in Serbia and the city’s officials keep trying to make the city more attractive by numerous cultural events and music concerts.

Since 2000, Novi Sad is the home to the EXIT festival, the biggest music summer festival in Serbia and one of the best and biggest ones in Europe.

Novi Sad is one of Serbian most important centres of higher education and research, with two universities, several faculties and numerous professional, technical and private colleges and research institutes. The largest educational institution in the city is the University of Novi Sad.

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© 2007. Filozofski fakultet u Novom Sadu