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Democracy and Marcus Aurelius Political Thought
16. maja 2018. godine (sreda) u 16 časova
u svečanoj sali Filozofskog fakulteta 114/I
Prof. dr Bernar Kolet,
Univerzitet Laval, Kanada
Bernard Collette is professor of ancient philosophy at the Université Laval. He is the author of Plotin et l’ordonnancement de l’Être (Vrin, 2007) and editor (with S. Delcomminette) of Unité et origine des vertus dans la philosophie ancienne (Ousia, 2014). He has recently published ‘Les principes physiques stoïciens à la lumière de leurs critiques antiques’ (in M.-A. Gavray and A. Michalewski (eds.), Les principes cosmologiques du platonisme, Brill, 2017) and ‘Honte et retenue dans la Stoa’ (Revue de philosophie ancienne, 2018). He is currently co-editing (with M.-A. Gavray and J.-M. Narbonne) a volume of studies on the importance of critical thought and licence in Ancient Greece (Les Belles Lettres, to be published in Autumn 2018). His other projects are a book on stoicism (The Stoic Conception of Providence, Routledge) and a translation (of Alexander of Aphrodise’s De fato).
Lecture (title: Stoicism and Marcus Aurelius’ views on politics)
Marcus Aurelius (121-180) is the only real philosopher-king that human history has ever known. A very gifted man, he received the best education to prepare him for the leadership of the Roman Empire. Thanks to some key influencing figures, he embraced philosophy and stoicism. But how much did the doctrines of the Stoa shape his views on politics and the way he ruled as an Emperor? In this lecture, we will see that, contrary to what is sometimes alleged, there are clear indications that many if not all of his decisions as an Emperor stem from his adhesion to Stoicism. We will examine, more specifically, the Stoic rationale behind his decision to share the power with his adoptive brother, to expand the jurisdiction of the senate, to encourage the freedom of the Roman people, and, finally, why he wanted to spare the life of his political enemies.